How to prepare plants for winter? The cold is coming and it is time to clean and set up the garden and balcony in view of the months to come. First of all it will be important not to expose them to heavy rain, but especially to the wind and any snowfall, so try to withdraw the plants in places a little ‘more protected or even at home. Those that remain outside should be covered with cloths of paper, cellophane or placed inside small greenhouses mounted if necessary.
Once the plants have been protected, pay close attention to their care and avoid making mistakes. The first thing to change during the winter will be the irrigation. The plants inside the house will require less water, because during this time of year the air is dry and the growth rate of the plants is slower. By providing them with less water you will avoid overloading the roots. Do not be fooled by the fact that the ground on the surface is dry, to be sure that the plant needs water sink your thumb two centimeters into the ground, if it is still dry water while making sure that the water has the same temperature as the air to avoid upsetting the roots.
One of the biggest obstacles preventing plants from overcoming the winter is humidity. In fact, inside heated houses it can go down to 10-20%, while plants prefer it to be 50%. You can use a humidifier to solve the problem or increase the humidity level by adjusting the heating. Another great method is to group the plants into groups. In fact, they naturally release water through the leaves and putting them all together will improve their condition.
Similarly, pay close attention to the temperature. During the day, plants prefer it at around 65-75 degrees Celsius, while at night it should never exceed 50 degrees Celsius. Always keep them away from heat sources such as fireplaces, ovens, radiators and electronic devices. Continuous temperature changes can also be harmful, so avoid sudden temperature changes.
Another aspect not to be underestimated is the fact that there is little sunshine during the winter. Make sure to place the plants where the light can easily reach, for example by pointing to a southwest window that stays sunny all day long. Finally, during the winter, the plants do not need any fertiliser, because they grow very little, although you should never lose sight of their health and take immediate action in the event of illness.
How to protect plants from cold and frost
January and February are the coldest months of the year. And to suffer most are outdoor plants , exposed to weather, frost, ice and frost. Here are some remedies to “alleviate” their suffering and see them return more luxuriant than ever in the spring, without running the risk that the tender buds will be damaged by the cold.
– Prevention: plant protection begins even before the cold comes. It is necessary, in fact, to better evaluate where to plant a plant so that it is more sheltered. Tropical plants, for example, must be planted so that they are exposed to the south.
– Vase: planting plants in pots instead of in the ground can be useful because it gives the possibility to move them to more sheltered areas in cold periods. In contrast, potted plants are more sensitive to frost than those of the same type but grown on the ground, perhaps in a sunny corner facing South.
– Cover up:covering the plants is not as trivial as it might seem. In fact, plants need the right transpiration and a good amount of light to be able to perform photosynthesis. It is therefore very forbidden to use plastic bags (even worse if black!), Which would create excessive humidity inside and prevent the transpiration or the passage of light. Even fabric or cloth is not recommended: they could get soaked and then freeze over. On the market there are special sheets, of the right heaviness, which allow transpiration and the passage of light. This is the so-called TNT (Non-Woven Fabric), a very light synthetic material, preferably white. It must wrap the plants completely,
– Protect the roots: it is important to protect the base and the roots of the plants from the cold. It is possible to do this with organic material, which can also be used as fertilizer for the soil. Leaves, straw, mature manure and vegetable waste can be used.
– Greenhouses: they are very useful for repairing the most delicate plants. They can be found on the market of every shape and size. One should have the foresight, at the first glance of the sun, to open them to eliminate the condensation formed inside.
– Warm firsts: as soon as the danger of late frosts is averted, it is a good idea to remove any device used to shelter the plants. A prolonged use could in fact suffocate them and make them die.